Zaczne od Trustforte, ktore ma srednia reputacje, dlatego ja daje do WES. Jeden z przykladow, gdzie AAO podwaza kompetencje Trustforte (takich przykladow jest dziesiatki, jesli nie setki - pytanie po jaka *** ktos sie bierze za cos do czego nie ma uprawnien - jest wiele H1B, gdzie Trustforte robilo ewaluacje i polegli -> napisali, ze ktos ma ekwiwalent BA/BS a AAO rozlozylo te ewaluacje na lopatki i udowodnili, ze aplikant mimo dolaczonej ewaluacji z Trustforte, nie posiada 4letniego bachelor badz w ogole jakos dziwnie tlumaczyli i pozniej nie zgadzalo sie z tym co niby mialo byc w liscie wspomagajacym z firmy (wymog wyksztalcenia) - Business Management zrobili jako Business Administration; Panstwowa Wyzsza Szkola Zawodowa -> przelozyli chlopakowi jako State Higher School itd. tutaj jest przyklad, gdzie sami sobie przecza: " (...) joint bachelor's/master's degree program, which is the crux of the issue. Furthermore, the Trustforte evaluation of April 2008 contradicts its own earlier evaluation of the beneficiary's educational credentials, dated July 5, 2000. ". Nie mowie, ze oni robia wszystko zle - mowie o przykladach spraw, ktore znam i wiedzac, ze ktos mial problemy z ta organizacja - wole isc gdzies indziej. Tutaj jest przyklad:
https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/err/D11 - NAFTA Professional (TN)/Decisions_Issued_in_2005/SEP212005_29D11214.pdf
The record contains an experiential evaluation from the Trustforte, Corp., a credentials evaluation service. That evaluation found that the beneficiary possessed the equivalent of a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Management based on his past education, training, and experience. It should be noted that a credentials evaluation service may only determine the equivalence of a beneficiary's foreign education to a United States education for the purpose of these proceedings. A beneficiary's past work experience may only be evaluated by an official who has authority to grant college-level credit for training andlor experience in the specialty at an accredited college or university which has a program for granting such credit based on an individual's training and/or work experience. 8 C.F.R. 3 214.2(h)(4)(iii)(D)(l). The Trustforte Corp. evaluation does not meet this requirement and is, therefore, of little evidentiary value. The statements set forth by the petitioner in support of its appeal of the CIS revocation do not overcome the basis of the revocation.
Polacy, dla ktorych robilam dzisiatki wiz H1B, jesli maja wyksztalcenie zaoczne badz wyksztalcenie typu licencjat tez dolaczaja ewaluacje. Kiedys bylo inaczej, teraz, w 2017 (bo wtedy skladalo sie dokumenty, a w 2018 bedzie jeszcze gorzej po tym jak weszlo w zycie memo dot i-129, i ludzie, ktorzy szli "zwyklym procesem w kwietniu, ktorzy dostali RFE duzo ponziej niz osoby z Premium, sa w niemalym szoku jakie wymogi ma teraz urzad) jest totalnie inaczej - pokazuje to rowniez artykul na Linkedin.com datowany 2016. Polska ilosc kredytow - podobnie jak ludzi z Indii - w bardzo wielu przypadkach nie wystarcza jako pelne wyksztalcenie BA/BS. Jesli dana osoba ma wystarczajace, nie budzace watpliwosci, doswiadczenie wtedy urzad nie wymaga credentials evaluation.
"The H1B visa is one of the most sought-after non-immigrant work visas and offers a wide range of employment possibilities in USA.
The H1B visa allows foreign nationals in “specialty occupations” to enter the U.S. to work in a variety of fields including accounting, architecture, engineering, modeling, and medicine and health.
To qualify for an H1B visa, foreign nationals must have:
A U.S. bachelor’s degree or its equivalent in their specialty.
A full unrestricted license to practice in the U.S., in fields that require state licensing, such as teaching or pharmacy.
A U.S. employer to sponsor the H1B visa. NOTE: The foreign national cannot be self-employed.
U.S. Bachelor’s Degree Requirement For H1B
U.S. immigration law states that a specialty occupation must require:
a bachelor’s degree as the minimum for entry into the occupation, and
that the applicant has a bachelor’s degree that is related to the occupation.
I Don’t Have a U.S. Bachelor’s Degree, I Have a Foreign Degree - What Do I Do?
The regulations allow for applicants to have the equivalent of a U.S. bachelor’s degree.
A 4-year bachelor’s degree from an accredited or recognized foreign university or college will generally be considered equivalent to a U.S. bachelor’s degree.
In most cases, unless your education was completed in the U.S., a Credentials Evaluation showing an equivalency to a U.S. bachelor’s degree is required to obtain the H1B visa.
Thus, if you wish to come to the U.S. on an H1B specialty occupation visa, and all your degrees are foreign degrees, you will need your education credentials evaluated and submit that evaluation with the H1B petition."
Zmiany, dotyczace H1B, jakie zaszly w tym roku sa ogromne i interpretowanie danej sytuacji na zasadzie "bo tak BYLO" nie bardzo ma sens. Jezeli nawet szukajac na necie, znajduje sie specjalnie otworzone podkategorie dtyczace H1B z credentials evaluation, gdzie sa dziesiatki postow z roku 2017, to laik zauwazy, ze cos jest na rzeczy. Najczestszym pytaniem (you are lucky jesli wysla komus RFE badz NOID, bo czesto gesto urzednicy sobie nie zaprzataja glowy takimi drobiazgami... tylko daja denial a ty sobie rob MTR albo co Ci tam jeszcze wpadnie do glowy), jest fakt, ze dany zawod, oferowany aplikantowi, musi byc kwalifikowany jako specialty occupation i tym samym aby dany aplikant kwalifikowal sie do wykonywania tegoz zawodu, nalezy pokazac, ze aplikant spelnia wymogi tak pod wzgledem edukacji jaki i (jesli to konieczne) doswiadczenia. Jesli urzednik ma co do tego watpliwosci, to w terorii powinien wydac RFE (badz tez NOID) - aplikant natomiast wyjasnia co i jak. Haczyk polega na tym, ze jesli nie dolaczy sie ewaluacji, to jesli urzednik wysle aplikantowi prosbe o wyjasnienie, to aplikant tak naprawde nie wie czy trafil w "myslenie" urzednika i szanse na denial wzrastaja. Jesli natomiast byla dolaczona ewaluacja, to urzednik bezposrednio wskazuje o co mu chodzi i jest szansa aby aplikant badz cos dolaczyl badz przynajmniej bardziej logicznie odpowiedzial.
Przytocze tylko - dla przykladu - taka sytuacje (ze strony z netu wzieta, orginalna pisownia zachowana - czlowiek dostal denial H1B - prosze zwrocic uwage, ze urzednik wyraznie zaznaczyl jaka ewaluacje sobie zyczy USCIS):
Reason for denial.
We would like to inform you that the application has been Denied. Below are the reason.
We have submitted an expert opinion evaluation report prepared by Professor XXXXX, Computer and Information Science, . XXXX states the following regarding the beneficiary's academic qualifications and professional experience: Based on the reputation of Anna University , the number of years of coursework, the nature of the coursework, the grades attained in the courses, the hours of academic coursework, as well as approximately four years and seven months of work experience and training in management information systems, software testing and related areas.
As such, to qualify and to perform in an occupation that requires a baccalaureate degree in a specific specialty. The proffered position is that of a Computer Specialist/Testing and Quality Analyst 2 for an information technology based business; however, the beneficiary holds a baccalaureate degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Anna University , India. The record contains insufficient evidence illustrating that the beneficiary's degree in an aeronautical engineering related field qualifies him as a Computer Specialist/Testing and Quality Analyst 2. Along with the non-related engineering degree, plus the beneficiary's more than four (4) years of employment experience and training in information technology and related fields, it is uncertain how the beneficiary qualifies for the proffered position.
USCIS require the degree equivalency is being sought for the beneficiary based, in whole or in part, on an evaluation of the beneficiary's training and experience from a foreign educational credentials evaluator.
Zeby nie bylo, ze "na necie to sobie pisza co chca", prosze spojrzec na opinie AAO (czyli jesli aplkantowi odmowia H1B, to moze sie odwolac do AAO) - w skrocie aby nie nudzic:
8 C.F.R. § 214.2(h)(4)(iii)(C), Beneficiary qualifications, provides for beneficiary qualification by satisfying one of four criteria. They require that the evidence of record establish that, at the time of the petition’s filing, the beneficiary was a person either:
(1) Hold(ing] a United States baccalaureate or higher degree required by the specialty occupation from an accredited college or university;
(2) Hold(ing] a foreign degree determined to be equivalent to a United States baccalaureate or higher degree required by the specialty occupation from an accredited college or university;
(3) Hold[ing] an unrestricted state license, registration or certification which authorizes him or her to fully practice the specialty occupation and be immediately engaged in that specialty in the state of intended employment; or
(4) Hav[ing] [(A)] education, specialized training, and/or progressively responsible experience that is equivalent to completion of a United States baccalaureate or higher degree in the specialty occupation, and hav[ing] [(B)] recognition of expertise in the specialty through progressively responsible positions directly related to the specialty.
I tutaj takie slowa:
The decision also points out that under 8 C.F.R. §214.2(h)(4)(iii)(D)(3), only a “reliable credentials evaluation service that specializes in evaluating foreign education credentials” can evaluate a foreign national’s education. In the instant case, the AAO therefore dismissed two evaluations prepared by individuals and not by credentials evaluation services as having no probative weight.
I podsumowanie slowami adwokat Pastoina:
Only a foreign credentials evaluation service may evaluate a foreign national’s education. Accordingly, if the foreign national has a combination of education and work experience, the submission to the USCIS cannot contain only expert opinions from professors but must also include an evaluation from a foreign credentials evaluation service.
USCIS will only accept a foreign-credential-evaluation-agency assessment as to whether or not the foreign education equates to a U.S. bachelor’s degree or higher, if the agency and its assessment meet the requirements at 8 C.F.R. § 214.2(h)(4)(iii)(D)(3).
Equivalence to completion of a college degree. For purposes of paragraph (h)(4)(iii)(C)(4) of this section, equivalence to completion of a United States baccalaureate or higher degree shall mean achievement of a level of [(1)] knowledge, [(2)] competence, and [(3)] practice in the specialty occupation that has been determined to be equal to that of an individual who has a baccalaureate or higher degree in the specialty and shall be determined by one or more of the following:
) evaluation from an official who has authority to grant college-level credit for training and/or experience in the specialty at an accredited college or university which has a program for granting such credit based on an individual's training and/or work experience;
(2) The results of recognized college-level equivalency examinations or special credit programs, such as the College Level Examination Program (CLEP), or Program on Noncollegiate Sponsored Instruction (PONSI);
(3) evaluation of education by a reliable credentials evaluation service which specializes in evaluating foreign educational credentials;1
(4) Evidence of certification or registration from a nationally-recognized professional association or society for the specialty that is known to grant certification or registration to persons in the occupational specialty who have achieved a certain level of competence in the specialty;
(5) A determination by the Service that the equivalent of the degree required by the specialty occupation has been acquired through a combination of education, specialized training, and/or work experience in areas related to the specialty and that the alien has achieved recognition of expertise in the specialty occupation as a result of such training and experience. . . .
Tutaj tez jest o tym:
1. Bodajze 23 pazdziernika 2017 weszlo w zycie memo, ktore nakazuje aby urzednicy z wyzsza troska przyjrzeli sie petycjom I-129, ktore sa odnawiane i traktowali je tak jak nowe petycje - czyli reasumujac nowe I-129 sa w tym roku dosc szczegolowo sprawdzane. Widac to na forach internetowych, widac po tym jak ludzie szukaja pomocy nawet po to aby sie dopytac o rzeczy, ktore cche od nich immigration.
2. Jest aplikant nie chce robic ewaluacji dyplomu, a firma nie miala wczesniej ludzi na H1B, to ryzyko RFE niewiarygodnie wzrasta. Jesli ktos chce ryzykowac wysylanie dokumentow bez ewaluacji a pozniej liczyc na lut szczescia - jego sprawa, immigration bierze kazdy dokument za ktory sie zaplaci, a pozniej wydaje decyzje.
Pisze o tym np. adwokat Paul Szeto
"(...) There are other reasons for issuing RFEs and/or denials in H-1B petitions. In fact, USCIS can actually deny an H-1B petition outright without issuing a RFE first if it is determined that additional evidence will not be possible to overcome the deficiencies in the petition. Sometimes, USCIS also issues a Notice of Intent to Deny (NOID) if there is little or no evidence submitted or if there is a discretionary issue in the case to consider (although the basic requirements are net). Hence, it is very important to provide appropriate and sufficient evidence when submitting an H-1B petition to avoid a denial."
Trzeba tez wspomniec, ze nawet jesli USCIS wyda aplikantowi decyzje pozytywna, konsulat - jesli aplikant ubiega sie o H1B poza USA - tez sprawdza dokumenty.
3. Pytanie zasadnicze, ktore pracodawca powinien znac przed rozpoczeciem procesu H1B dla kogokolwiek: czy nie obawia sie wizyty urzednika z immigration?
Site visits to H-1B employers by USCIS’s Fraud Detection & National Security Division have become routine. What are they like?
These visits are unannounced and begin with a USCIS officer showing up at the work location stated on the H-1B (form I-129). The officer will ask for the I-129 signer and/or H-1B employee and explain that he/she is here to see and speak to one or multiple H-1B employees.
At that point, the employer representative will call the H-1B employee, inform him/her that a routine USCIS site visit is being conducted to verify he/she is working here, being paid by the H-1B employer and is performing the duties described in the H-1B petition. Then, ask the employee to go and see the officer.
The officer will want to see the employee’s driver’s license for identification purposes, and request a copy of the employee’s most recent pay-stub. Below are typical questions or requests asked of H-1B employees by the USCIS officer:
· How many years have you worked in this field?
· How many hours do you work?
· Did you pay the costs associated with your H-1B?
· What are your responsibilities at the company?
· The employee will be asked to complete a questionnaire requesting employee’s start date, work location, current position, end client name (if any), rate of pay and duties.
4. Kary zwiazne z LCA sa niemale:
The Wage Attestation Contained in the LCA
By filing the LCA with the DOL, a sponsoring employer certifies that it will pay the “required wage” to the H-1B worker for the duration of the foreign national’s “authorized period of stay.” See 8 CFR § 214.2(h)(4)(iii)(B)(2). As described above, the required wage must be the equivalent to at least the prevailing wage in the geographic location of employment, or the actual wage (including benefits) the sponsoring employer pays to similarly employed U.S. workers, whichever is greater.
In addition to awards of back pay for failure to pay the required wage, violations of the regulatory obligations placed on the employer can also result in civil penalties and fines to the employer up to $1,000 per violation, and up to $5,000 per violation for a finding of a “willful” failure to comply with the regulations. Moreover, if the ALJ determines a violation is willful, and, as a result of such violation a U.S. worker was displaced, the employer may be subject to additional fines of up to $35,000 per incident. Finally, an employer may be debarred from using the H-1B program for a period of up to three years for a finding of willful misconduct.
Recently, the Office of Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) decided a Wage and Hour Division case that alleged various LCA violations of H-1B workers of a New Jersey-based employer. In particular, the ALJ found the employer liable for willfully failing to pay 18 H-1B workers the required wage (as the employer attested it would in the LCA) and awarded those employees collectively over $250,000 in back pay. The ALJ also imposed civil penalties in the amount of $67,000 for what the judge felt were willful violations of the LCA provisions.
5. Tak naprawde jest losowanie aplikacji, ktore wejda do rozpatrzenia - czyli pracodawca wyklada pieniadze na prawnika bez jakiejkolwiek gwarancji, ze sprawa bedzie w ogole brana pod uwage.
Troche napisalam, byc moze komus sie to przyda